Malaparte, Curzio

(pseud. Kurt Erich Suckert, 1898–1957).
   An intriguing figure, Malaparte (who Italianized his name during his service as a volunteer in the Italian army in 1915) was an active Fascist in his native Tuscany. In 1924, he founded a review, La Conquista dello stato (The Conquest of the State), which became the theoretical journal of the revolutionary wing of the Partito Nazionale Fascista/National Fascist Party (PNF) headed by Roberto Farinacci. High in the esteem of the Duce, he was sent to the Soviet Union as a correspondent, which led him to write L’Intelligenza di Lenin (The Intelligence of Lenin, 1930), a book full of scarcely disguised admiration for Soviet totalitarianism. He became editor of the Turin newspaper La Stampa in 1929 but was hounded from his job by Benito Mussolini for publishing too many articles critical of Fascist industrial policy. This, at any rate, was Malaparte’s explanation. Exiled in Paris, Malaparte wrote the Europe-wide best-seller Technique du Coup d’etat (Technique of the Coup d’Etat, 1931), which described recent seizures of power in various European countries and argued that the essential element of political power was the willingness to use violence in pursuit of one’s ends. Malaparte argued, for instance, that Mussolini had been successful less for his own merits than because of the spinelessness of Italy’s liberals, who had been unwilling to defend their own values and state. Such a position did nothing to enhance his standing with the Fascist dictator. Malaparte also disparaged Adolf Hitler and the Nazi movement, and extracts from his book were used as propaganda material by the antifascist parties in the German elections of 1932. Technique du Coup d’Etat was banned in Italy and burned in Germany. Malaparte was arrested upon his return to Italy in October 1933 and served several years of confinement in the mid-1930s. He was a correspondent in Russia and Finland during the war. After the war, he embraced the Chinese brand of communism and had just returned from a visit to Red China—one of the first foreigners permitted to see the Maoist state—when he died from cancer in 1957.
   Malaparte’s literary output was vast, but three books in particular have withstood the test of time: Kaputt (1944), La Pelle (The Skin, 1949), and Maledetti toscani (Damned Tuscans, 1956). In addition to his prodigious literary output, Malaparte also designed his own house on the Isle of Capri. It is still regarded as a classic example of modernist architecture.
   See also Literature.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malaparte, Curzio — ▪ Italian writer pseudonym of  Kurt Erich Suckert   born June 9, 1898, Prato, Italy died July 19, 1957, Rome       journalist, dramatist, short story writer, and novelist, one of the most powerful, brilliant, and controversial of the Italian… …   Universalium

  • Malaparte, Curzio — ► (1898 1957) Seudónimo de Curzio Suckert, escritor italiano. Autor de Kaputt (1944) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malaparte, Curzio — pseud. di Kurt Erich Suckert (Prato 1898 Roma 1957) scrittore e commediografo; fondatore di “Prospettive” e con Massimo Bontempelli di “900”; condirettore de “La Fiera letteraria”; giornalista. collab./opere: “Il Selvaggio”, “Pegaso”,… …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Malaparte, Curzio — pseud. di Suckert, Kurt Erich …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Malaparte — Malaparte, Curzio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malaparte — Curzio Malaparte Pour les articles homonymes, voir Villa Malaparte. Curzio Malaparte Nom de naissance Kurt Erich Suckert Activité(s) Correspondant de guerre, romancier, journaliste, essayiste, polémiste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Curzio Malaparte — (9 June 1898 – 19 July 1957), born Kurt Erich Suckert, was an Italian journalist, dramatist, short story writer, novelist and diplomat. His chosen surname, which he used from 1925, means evil/wrong side and is a play on Napoleon s family name… …   Wikipedia

  • Curzio Malaparte — Falconi (Prato, 9 de junio de 1898 – Roma, 19 de julio de 1957), de nombre real Kurt Erich Suckert, fue un periodista, dramaturgo, escritor de relato corto, novelista, diplomático italiano de los más importantes del siglo XX italiano. El apellido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malaparte — Curzio Malaparte (* 9. Juni 1898 in Prato in der Toskana; † 19. Juli 1957 in Rom; eigentlich Kurt Erich Suckert – das ab 1925 verwendete Pseudonym Malaparte bedeutet wörtlich übersetzt der schlechte Teil und ist eine Anspielung auf Bonaparte (der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MALAPARTE (C.) — MALAPARTE CURZIO (1898 1957) Personnalité à la fois inquiète, aventureuse et exhibitionniste, Kurt Suckert, dit Curzio Malaparte, est entraîné par ses goûts à participer aux expériences culturelles les plus disparates. Il s’inscrit au parti… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.